"Red Man Dream" "Water Margin"
Olbach’s masterpiece "Mimesis" (mimesis) The famous opening, talking about the Torghum epic and "Old Testament" story in writing.
He said that the narrative of Homer is complete and thoughtful, all incidents occur in the foreground, the connection is close, expressive, nothing to hide; "Old Testa" is developed, only the part of the action is useful to the characters The rest, the rest, it is ambiguous, sometimes there will be no brain, giving people a mystery. This is related to the identity of the characters described in both: HMB writes the life of the upper society, the object of "Old Testament" is not divided into a class, which is a member of the nomadic or semi-tourism. Is this the difference between "Dream of Red Mansions" and "Water Margin"? "Red Man Dream" like Homer’s epic, there is no big, all portrayed no legacy, the pen, the pen is collected, "Water Margin" is like "Old Test" story, it is simple, and one will be a target, only highlight the spotlight. The next action, the rest is blurred into the background, "hurt, don’t ask the horse."
This is highly anastomically, "" Red Building "is sometimes too thin, there are people, there should be," Water Margin "uses a brief, but there is no, the aftertasis is not.
"This is because the social life form reflected in the two is significantly different. The Great Vision Garden is quiet, and the world is stable. The author is tuned for the sound color of the text, paying attention to the gorgeousness of the details.
Liang Shan Bo is in danger, killing the machine, and the speaker line is relatively extensive, and there is often a strong dynamic sense of "saying too late, when it is fast". Two examples may be given to illustrate. "Water Margin" second back to Wang Zhao Wei went to the feast of Wang Hao, "Dream of Red Man", the twenty-eighth time to write Jia Baoyu to Feng Ziying’s home, all, involving the Emperor Country, is a banquet, Also have a gift of a gift, just can be gounted. In the "Dream of Red Mansions", Baoyu attended his hand, Jiang Yuzhen came out. Two people standing under the gallery, Baoyu saw Jiang Yuxi and gentle, and he was very ninish in his heart. He asked him that there was a judge in the play class, but unfortunately did not see it.
Jiang Yuxi smiled, it is my little name. Baoyu said, I was "thought about it, took out the fan in the sleeves, and fell a jade fan. He handed the jade official, said:" The micronym is unbearable, and today’s friendship.
"Qi official took it, laughed:" It is not good to be, why caught! Also, I have a chick here. Today, I’m new, or it is a new, chat, I am a little intimacy.
"Said Bi Kaiyi, I will take a small red sweat area, and I have been in the jade." This sweat towel is the tribute of the Qiangxiang Nationality, the summer is in the summer, the skin is fragrant, Don’t be sweat. Yesterday, Northern Wang gave me, today’s upper body. If others, I will not be willing to give each other. I will solve myself, I have taught it.
"Bao Yu heard that it is not self-ban, and it is busy, and it will be tiered down, and he will hand with Qi official.
The gift in "Dream of Red Mansions" has never been simply sent out and received, such as these two sweats. Baoyu sent a Songshi sweat towel, which was originally attacked to himself. And the official sent to Baoyu’s big red sweat towel. It was a pants that he was a small dress.
Baoyu did not intend to become an intermediary, did the media. These two sweat towels were invisibly to mediumize the logs. For the Qi Guan finally, I buried a voltline.
This is the back, the author is still guiding, and the side is mapped. Just on the banquet, a poem of Qi officials, is a "flowers and gas attack people."
Xue Yu is hit by a baby. And this baby, the two times have passed through Jia Wei’s eyes in Jin Yihongyuan "slippery" for a long time, "I know" I am more different in Baoyu "." However, the attacked people stole the big red sweat towels in the waist, said: "I don’t have a hanger, I took it early!" I show that she is "excellent blessings, the son is not worthy" A gesture of a fate ending.
But this is working with another play.
This big red sweat town, Qi official said that Bei Jing Wang sent, the northern Jingwang also sent Baoyu, a string of fragrant (one as the fragrant) of the rosary, and gave it holy. Baoyu will be transferred to Dai Yu, and the jade is equally unfelt: "What is stinky man has brought it! I don’t want him." Is this not going to bend the emperor? But Northern Wang is old, it is not a juvenile that will give things good. In the "Water Margin", everything is simple, it is a drink, straight gift: and say that this Wang Lai Wang Du Fu is in the banquet, all the seats, please set the king, Dai Ding, Accompany it.
The wine is a few cups, and the food is two sets. The king has a net hand, even if the college is less, and the book on the book is a pair of pair of pair of pair of children with children, it is very good, and exquisite.
Duan Wang picked up the lion, did not even see a look: "Good!" Wang Yucai saw Wang Xin love, said: "There is another Jade brush holder, which is also doing this craftman, but not in hand, tomorrow Come, one and send. "Duan Wang Daxi said:" Thank you for your strength, think that the frame is more wonderful.
"Wang Yuxi said:" Tomorrow will take it out, send it to the palace to see it.
"The side king thank you. The two are still incoming, drinking banquets, and can’t get angry.
Duan Wang is going back to the palace.
This pair of Yushu Town Paper, a Yulong Sprinter, Wang Hao Close to the next day, I sent a high-definition, just asked the king in kicking the balloon, high-spirited, I accidentally revealed a foot, from now on. It can be seen that in Shi Niunti, these two things are only used as props, and the function of bonded plots is not like Cao Xueqin’s pen. Every matter is always the development of the story, weaving the fate of people.
Therefore, Cao Xueqin will explain the origin and characteristics of the sweat towel. It is the tribute to the priest of the Northern King, "Summer is laid, the skin is fragrant, and it is not supered." Shi Ni is brought, "It is very good, and" fine and exquisite "is also doing this tractor." What kind of exquisite, which kind of trainer? Not mentioned. "In the Dream of Red Mansions", "So reputation and drinking alcohol, until the night"; "Water Margin", "Two still enjoys, drinks the banquet, and incentive".
However, everything happened in the two paragraphs, "Dream of Red Mansions" is still reciprocating, and the remaining rhyme is endless, but the "Water Margin" is clean, so. Schneesi is a narrative of the line style, everything is floating at the moment, only a bundle of light is above.
Cao Xueqin’s narrative is a mesh. Take Olbach, it is a uniformumination, so it can develop like a uniformumination.
Song Qi is the only person who has compared Cao Xueqin and Homer. Because the Aldoushuxley pointed out that the greatness of Homer is to hold the entire truth of things (TheWholetruth), this is in Song Qi, one For example, Cao Xueqi’s mirror is high, and it is round to take a look.
At this point, "Red Man Dream" is in the sense, the taste of the language is much higher than "Water Margin"? Can’t say this.
Albach believes that Homer’s epic and "Old Testament" story two stories, in fact, they are only a basic type of different styles. The size of the text is to serve the overall needs. "Old Testament" writes Abraham to bring servants and loves to sprinkle the three days to sacrifice God, and there is a landscape along the way.
"Water Margin" is also a poem in action, and the good people are like an empty road. Not from the author’s view, but from the characters, there is nothing better on the way, and it is not easy to go safely.
The author won’t go to the top of the characters, such as the paragraph that passed above – the end of the lion, not going to watch a look: "Good!" Don’t let go.
However, there will be no one in the eyes of the others, it is pure objective; people are not willing to release their hands in the hearts of the characters. This inch should be pinned. "It is also the case of this craftman", which is the same as immediate tones, the context of present.
It is no wonder that Musong San praises the text of "Water Margin", saying that there is a wind, diode translucent, touching machine, step by step is the moment. Gu, also praised the Wonderful Word of Nishi: "If the" Red Building "is ‘energy’, the" Water Margin "can be" God ".
"However, if there is another angle, Cao Xueqin’s realm seems to be higher, because, because of Ma Ming" big multiplication "said, the thinness, Buddha realm. The fineness of the Buddha is a Buddha. Therefore, the world with the reality of human beings, the world of "Red Mansions" is closer to the most of our most people today: people involve among a variety of relationships, speaking and action I have to pay attention to the feelings of others, can’t be used by my own sex.
In short, the Great Watch Garden is a social person who is trained, unlike the cottage water boom, only driven by nature.
(Author: Jiang Weishui, Department of Communication, Zhejiang University) [Editor: Li Dan].